3. Present active

Now that we have learned the alphabet, we are going to move into the new territory of grammar. The word "grammar" just refers to the rules that control how we put sentences together.

For example, grammar tells us that "he" refers to a boy and "she" to a girl. If we didn’t have grammar, you wouldn’t know if "he" was your brother or sister. In the sentence, "The cat bit the girl," grammar tells us that the cat did the biting and not the girl. Why?

At first, you may see that you are learning more English grammar than Greek grammar. That’s okay. It is best to make sure you know English grammar first, then Greek is easier.