Nominative case

Greek has a subjective case, although we use different name for it.

If a Greek word is the subject of a verb, it is put in the nominative case.

We have already seen this with the personal pronoun. ejgwv is the form of the first person pronoun in the nominative case. Just like we would not say, "Me went to the store," Greek would not say, "me went to the store." Why? Because the subject needs to be in the nominative case. So Greek would say, "ejgw went to the store."

How would the Greeks put a noun into the nominative case?

Think about it. How do the Greeks change a word to indicate whether it is singular or plural? Right! They use different endings. So guess how they show us that a word was in the nominative case? Right again! They use different endings.

When ajpovstoloV is the subject of a verb, they write ajpovstoloV.

  • oJ ajpovstoloV preached the gospel.

oJ is the nominative singular form of the word “the.” The final V on ajpovstoloV is the case ending.

Note: By the way, did you notice that the form of the word you memorize, the lexical form, is actually the nominative form?