1. What is the "stem" of a word?

The stem of a word is the basic part of the word that tends not to change and carries the basic meaning of the word.

2. What is the stem of the inflected form ἀκούει?

ἀκου is the stem of ἀκούει.

3. What are personal endings and what do they indicate?

Personal endings are added to the end of a verb to indicate person and number. This is how a verb agrees with its subject.

4. What is a "lexical form"? What is the lexical form of εἰσίν?

The lexical form of a verb is the first person singular form of the verb. This is the form you will find in a lexicon (which is another word for "dictionary").

The lexical form of εἰσίν is εἰμί.

5. Write out the full paradigm for "I hear," "I say," and "I take."

1 sg ἀκούω I hear
2 sg ἀκούεις You hear
3 sg ἀκούει He/she/it hears
1 pl ἀκούομεν We hear
2 pl ἀκούετε Y'all hear
3 pl ἀκούουσι They hear


1 sg λέγω I say
2 sg λέγεις You say
3 sg λέγει He/she/it says
1 pl λέγομεν We say
2 pl λέγετε Y'all say
3 pl λέγουσι They say


1 sg λαμβάνω I take
2 sg λαμβάνεις You take
3 sg λαμβάνει He/she/it takes
1 pl λαμβάνομεν We take
2 pl λαμβάνετε Y'all take
3 pl λαμβάνουσι They take

6. What tense are we learning and what does it indicate?

We are learning the present tense. This is the form of the verb that describes an action occurring in the present time.

7. What are the five things you tell me when parsing a verb?

Person, number, tense, lexical form, meaning of inflected form.