1. The stem of a word is the basic part of the word that tends not to change and carries the basic meaning of the word. ἀκου is the stem of ἀκούω and means "hear."

2. Personal endings are added to the end of a verb to indicate person and number. This is how a verb agrees with its subject.

3. The lexical form of a verb is the first person singular form of the verb. This is the form you will find in a lexicon (which is another word for "dictionary).

4. Paradigm of the word for "I hear."

1 sg ἀκούω I hear
2 sg ἀκούεις You hear
3 sg ἀκούει He/she/it hears
1 pl ἀκούομεν We hear
2 pl ἀκούετε Y'all hear
3 pl ἀκούουσι They hear

5. Paradigm of the verb for "I say."

1 sg λέγω I say
2 sg λέγεις You say
3 sg λέγει He/she/it says
1 pl λέγομεν We say
2 pl λέγετε Y'all say
3 pl λέγουσι They say

6. Paradigm of the verb for "I take."

1 sg λαμβάνω I take
2 sg λαμβάνεις You take
3 sg λαμβάνει He/she/it take s
1 pl λαμβάνομεν We take
2 pl λαμβάνετε Y'all take
3 pl λαμβάνουσι They take

7. We are learning the present tense. This is the form of the verb that describes an action occurring in the present time.

8. When we parse a verb, we see five things about it: person, number, tense, lexical form, meaning of inflected form.